Know Your Truck Types

There are a multitude of types of trucks delivering goods and services across our country Here’s a quick explainer of some of the more commonly seen trucks currently working across Australia.

  • Tipper or Dump Truck: a stalwart of the building and construction industry, resources and mining sector, landscapers and many other businesses that need to transport loads to and from sites.
  • Semi or Prime Mover: the genuine heavy-lifters of the transport sector. These are the large trucks which move all types of loads – large and small – around the cities and across the country. May be specialised to suit specific loads or for general delivery.
  • Crane Truck: available in both permanent installations and moveable versions, these specialty vehicles make high-rise construction possible and assist in recovery and emergency work.
  • Refrigerated Truck: keeping Australians fed means getting food from supplier to consumers in good condition. That job goes to the refrigerated truck. May be small daily delivery vehicles, or large prime movers.
  • Car Carrier Truck: specifically built to carry vehicles, car carriers come in a range of sizes to suit the business. Common set-ups are 3 and 7 but do go up to 10 car B double transporters.
  • Livestock Truck: the set-up will depend on what is being carried. Transporting large numbers of sheep and cattle from outback stations to market will require up to a B-double, cage-style open trailer, often in two levels. Smaller animals and smaller loads may only need a trailer style set-up. To transport thoroughbreds from breeders and around racetracks is usually done in a closed-in truck.
  • Tilt Tray Truck: primarily used by tow truck businesses and emergency recovery vehicles but also useful for transporting single vehicles and equipment such as backhoes and diggers to/from construction sites.
  • Pantac: also spelt Pantec, these can be classified as semis or prime movers or may be smaller daily delivery trucks. They are closed-in trailers either coupled with a truck or a combo set-up.
  • Pallet Truck: these come in a range of configurations to carry from 6 to 14 pallets and are adapted to suit individual requirements. Pallet trucks are most commonly set up as either a curtain-sider or cage to allow for ease of loading and unloading from any section of the trailer.
  • Rigid Trucks: heavy rigid trucks is a broad classification which can include refrigeration trucks, removalist vehicles, rubbish and waste removal vehicles, vehicles used in quarries, general haulage and service truck across many industries.
  • Concrete Trucks: these usually include a truck cab with a concrete mixer and pump in one unit. Also known in the industry as agitators.

If you’re in the market for a new truck, these are the usual classifications in the both the new and used truck sale market advertisements.